The set-top box is compatible with 7. Airtel Digital TV provides on-demand services on connected boxes that includes a catalog of movies, TV series and other programmes across English and various Indian languages.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Satellite television provider. Economic Times. Retrieved wikipedia summarizer August Retrieved 3 August The Financial Express. Archived from the original on 4 December Bharti Airtel. Archived from the original on 19 November Retrieved 28 November Archived from the original on 25 December Retrieved 19 August Business Standard.
Cable, satellite, and other speciality television providers in India. Cable, satellite, and other specialty television providers in Africa, Asia and Oceania.
Categories : Indian television networks Direct broadcast satellite services Digital television High-definition television Media companies based in Delhi Indian companies established in Media companies established in Bharti Airtel Indian brands.
The company was unable to provide installation to customers since their agreement with STAR India group had expired due to nonpayment.
The company's service was disrupted after further payments to the Antrix corporation were missed. Independent TV closed its services on 12 June This license has been renewed on June 19, for a further period of six 6 months, like for all other DTH licensees in India today, and is valid till Dec 31, All the conditions precedents defined by MIB, Govt of India, have already been successfully complied with, and acknowledged as of July 5, The satellite services of the DTH operator are temporarily suspended.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Independent Television. Navi MumbaiMaharashtra. Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 16 February Retrieved 25 May Here's How To Avail It".
India: New Delhi Television Media group. Retrieved 19 August India: DTHForum. Retrieved 24 August India: Television Post. Retrieved 24 July Telecom Talk. Retrieved 2 April Cable, satellite, and other speciality television providers in India.
Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group. See also: Template:Reliance Industries Limited. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.This enzyme mediates reduction of the C double bond of testosterone. In addition to its role as a natural hormone, DHT has been used as a medicationfor instance in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men ; for information on DHT as a medication, see the androstanolone article.
DHT is biologically important for sexual differentiation of the male genitalia during embryogenesismaturation of the penis and scrotum at pubertygrowth of facialbodyand pubic hairand development and maintenance of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles.
DHT signals mainly in an intracrine and paracrine manner in the tissues in which it is produced, playing only a minor role, if any, as a circulating endocrine hormone. Metabolites of DHT have been found to act as neurosteroids with their own AR-independent biological activity.
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Their external genitalia are female-like, with micropenis a small, clitoris -like phallusa partially unfused, labia -like scrotumand a blind-ending, shallow vaginal pouch.
However, more facial hair has been observed in patients with the disorder from other parts of the world, although facial hair was still reduced relative to that of other men in the same communities. The divergent findings may reflect racial differences in androgen-dependent hair growth.
A female pattern of androgenic hair growthwith terminal hair largely restricted to the axillae and lower pubic triangleis observed in males with the condition. However, similarly to genetic males with the condition, they show reduced body hair growth, including an absence of hair on the arms and legs, slightly decreased axillary hair, and moderately decreased pubic hair. The drugs are able to significantly reduce the size of the prostate gland and to alleviate symptoms of the condition.
As such, they are not used in women during pregnancy. DHT is a potent agonist of the AR, and is in fact the most potent known endogenous ligand of the receptor.
It has an affinity K d of 0. Unlike other androgens such as testosterone, DHT cannot be converted by the enzyme aromatase into an estrogen like estradiol.
Therefore, it is frequently used in research settings to distinguish between the effects of testosterone caused by binding to the AR and those caused by testosterone's conversion to estradiol and subsequent binding to and activation of ERs.
Most DHT is produced in peripheral tissues like the skin and liver, whereas most circulating DHT originates specifically from the liver. The testes and prostate gland contribute relatively little to concentrations of DHT in circulation. In men, approximately 0. In men, DHT is bound In late pregnancy, only 0.
Unlike testosterone, DHT cannot be aromatized into an estrogen like estradiol, and for this reason, has no propensity for estrogenic effects. DHT is available in pharmaceutical formulations for medical use as an androgen or anabolic—androgenic steroid AAS. It is the derivative of testosterone in which the double bond between the C4 and C5 positions has been reduced or hydrogenated.
DHT was first synthesized by Adolf Butenandt and his colleagues in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about dihydrotestosterone as a hormone. For its use as a medication, see Androstanolone.Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location. A satellite receiver then decodes the desired television programme for viewing on a television set.
Receivers can be external set-top boxesor a built-in television tuner. Satellite television provides a wide range of channels and services. It is usually the only television available in many remote geographic areas without terrestrial television or cable television service.
Consequently, these systems were nicknamed "big dish" systems, and were more expensive and less popular. Early systems used analog signalsbut modern ones use digital signals which allow transmission of the modern television standard high-definition televisiondue to the significantly improved spectral efficiency of digital broadcasting. Different receivers are required for the two types. Some transmissions and channels are unencrypted and therefore free-to-air or free-to-viewwhile many other channels are transmitted with encryption pay televisionrequiring the viewer to subscribe and pay a monthly fee to receive the programming.
Satellite TV is being affected by the cord-cutting trend where people are shifting towards internet based streaming television. The advantage of this orbit is that the satellite's orbital period equals the rotation rate of the Earth, so the satellite appears at a fixed position in the sky. Thus the satellite dish antenna which receives the signal can be aimed permanently at the location of the satellite, and does not have to track a moving satellite.
Satellite television, like other communications relayed by satellite, starts with a transmitting antenna located at an uplink facility. The downlink satellite signal, quite weak after traveling the great distance see inverse-square lawis collected with a parabolic receiving dish, which reflects the weak signal to the dish's focal point.
The original C-band satellite television systems used a low-noise amplifier LNA connected to the feedhorn at the focal point of the dish. The advantages of using an LNB are that cheaper cable can be used to connect the indoor receiver to the satellite television dish and LNB, and that the technology for handling the signal at L-band and UHF was far cheaper than that for handling the signal at C-band frequencies.
This allows for transmission of UHF signals along the same span of coaxial wire at the same time. The satellite receiver or set-top box demodulates and converts the signals to the desired form outputs for television, audio, data, etc.
RG-6RGetc. A practical problem relating to home satellite reception is that an LNB can basically only handle a single receiver.
A common solution for consumers wanting to access multiple satellites is to deploy a single dish with a single LNB and to rotate the dish using an electric motor.
The axis of rotation has to be set up in the north-south direction and, depending on the geographical location of the dish, have a specific vertical tilt.
Set up properly the motorized dish when turned will sweep across all possible positions for satellites lined up along the geostationary orbit directly above the equator. The disk will then be capable of receiving any geostationary satellite that is visible at the specific location, i. The DiSEqC protocol has been extended to encompass commands for steering dish rotors. There are five major components in a satellite system: the programming source, the broadcast center, the satellite, the satellite dishand the receiver.
Thus satellite dishes can be aimed permanently at that point, and do not need a tracking system to turn to follow a moving satellite. The downlinked satellite signal, weaker after traveling the great distance see inverse-square lawis collected by using a rooftop parabolic receiving dish " satellite dish "which reflects the weak signal to the dish's focal point.
The reason for using the LNB to do the frequency translation at the dish is so that the signal can be carried into the residence using cheap coaxial cable.
To transport the signal into the house at its original K u band microwave frequency would require an expensive waveguidea metal pipe to carry the radio waves.
An LNB can only handle a single receiver. The set-top box selects the channel desired by the user by filtering that channel from the multiple channels received from the satellite, converts the signal to a lower intermediate frequencydecrypts the encrypted signal, demodulates the radio signal and sends the resulting video signal to the television through a cable.
If the customer fails to pay his monthly bill the box is "deactivated" by a signal from the company, and the system will not work until the company reactivates it. Some receivers are capable of decrypting the received signal itself.It was ranked and 5 on the list of media companies in Fortune India roster of India's largest corporations in The company decided not to compete against entrenched cable operators in metros and urban areas, and instead focused on providing services to rural areas and regions not serviced by cable television.
Jawahar Goel, who led the launch, recalled 10 years later, "We hardly had four transponders and could offer only 48 channels, compared to analog cable that was giving 60 and was much cheaper. And, STAR refused to give its channels. So, we decided to go slow and concentrate in cable-dry and cable-frustrated markets, rather than cable-rich markets and build the market step by step.
Following bitter legal proceedings between STAR and Zeeinthe two companies called a truce and began offering their channels on each other's services. This decision and Dish TV's acquisition of more transponders enabled them to offer channels on their service, more than any other DTH service in India at the time.
The merged entity will be called Dishtvd2hLimited.Peppa Pig Official Channel - Vegetables for George 🎄Peppa Pig Christmas
Dish TV will hold a As on 30 Septemberthe two companies combined would have The amalgamation was officially completed on 22 March The merger made the new combined entity the largest DTH provider in India with Zing Digital is a subsidiary of Dish TV India launched in January to provide access to South India's regional channel packs at an affordable cost. It is the India's first stb which has packs with selected channels and cost.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Dish Network. NoidaUttar Pradesh. India . Main article: Zing Digital. The Economic Times. Retrieved 29 December MxM India. Retrieved 1 August Trust Research Advisory. Archived from the original on 4 October Business Standard India.
Retrieved 1 October The Hindu.Sun Direct is an Indian direct broadcast satellite service provider. Its satellite service, launched in December transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in India. Sun TV entered into an MoU with the Astro group on 27 Januarywhen Aircel was not in existence, but since the government of India did not allow the use of KU band transponders for DTH services the project was put on hold, the firm said in a statement.
Sun Direct offered subscribers a satellite dish and Set-top box for free and basic monthly plan as low as 75 approximately. Currently basic monthly plan costs In DecemberSun Direct was launched in Mumbaicountry's financial capital and announced its pan India launch.
By it became the leading DTH provider with 3 million subscribers. In April Sun Direct became the No. Sun Direct has over 6. There are more than From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article contains content that is written like an advertisement. Please help improve it by removing promotional content and inappropriate external linksand by adding encyclopedic content written from a neutral point of view. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Sun Network. Retrieved 2 January Sun Direct. Retrieved 9 September The Economic Times. Retrieved on 17 January The Hindu 9 April Retrieved on 10 September Direct-to-Home DTH television is a method of receiving satellite television by means of signals transmitted from direct-broadcast satellites.
India is the largest DTH market in the world by number of subscribers. As on 30 Junethere were DTH services were first proposed in India in The proposal was not approved to due to concerns over national security and negative cultural influence.
The ministers made four key recommendations to govern DTH services: no single entity, either private or state-owned, should be permitted a monopoly in DTH services; the vertical integration of DTH and cable television services should be monitored in order to prevent the formation of a monopoly in television distribution; the vertical integration of DTH operators and television channels should be avoided in order to ensure fair competition among TV channels.
The new policy announced in November required all DTH operators to set up earth stations in India within 12 months of receiving a license. The company decided not to compete against entrenched cable operators in metros and urban areas, and instead focused on providing services to rural areas and regions not serviced by cable television. Dish TV acquiredsubscribers within 2 years of the launch. The service is free and offers only free-to-air channels. Unlike Dish TV, Tata Sky focused on metros and large cities hoping to attract customers away from cable by offering better picture and audio quality and wider selection of channels.
This decision and Dish TV's acquisition of more transponders enabled them to offer channels on their service, more than any other DTH service in India at the time. Sun Direct and Airtel digital TV launched services in and respectively. The total number of DTH subscribers in India rose from 1. Additionally, they may also offer bouquets, but they will not compel any DTH operator to include the entire bouquet in any package being offered by DTH operators to their subscribers".
TRAI intervened after DTH operators complained that broadcasters were forcing them to carry channels that they did not want. TRAI challenged TDSAT's order in the Supreme Courtand stated in proceedings on 22 July that "in the analognon-addressable environment, the authority is of the view that a la carte should not be made mandatory at the wholesale level as technological constraints in any case make it impossible for the benefits of a la carte provisioning to be passed on to subscribers".
TRAI ordered that pay television customers in India must be given a free choice of channels rather than be forced to choose package deals, enforcing a January deadline to implement the changes.
The channel is not dedicated to single genre and instead broadcasts video on demand VODlifestyle and travel content, sports, infotainmentconcerts and Hollywood films. The channel also telecasts 4K content created by international broadcasters.
The first programs telecast on the channel were live broadcasts of select matches from the ICC Cricket World Cup. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Further information: A la carte pay television. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.